Broccoli is an edible green plant in the cabbage family, whose large flowering head is used as a vegetable. The word broccoli comes from the Italian plural of broccolo, which means “the flowering crest of a cabbage”, and is the diminutive form of brocco, meaning “small nail” or “sprout”. Broccoli is often boiled or steamed but may be eaten raw. Broccoli resembles cauliflower, which is a different cultivar group of the same species. Broccoli is the main ingredient in many typical Italian dishes especially in Campania, Sicily and Apulia.